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The Ankle and How It Moves

Understanding foot and ankle biomechanics can be helpful in maximizing the completion of everyday activities. Simply put, it is the way a person walks, moves, or runs. Gait is a style of walking and can involve different stages of movement. There are three components to the foot. The hindfoot is under the ankle joint. This is referred to as the back of the foot and is composed of two tarsal bones. The middle of the foot is known as the mid foot, as its name implies. This part of the foot contains five tarsal bones. Chopart’s joint is the name given where the midfoot and hindfoot connect. The front of the foot is known as the forefoot and includes the metatarsals, phalanges, and sesamoid bone. Each foot consists of 28 bones, and several ligaments, tendons, and muscles. They work together in absorbing shock and creating movement from the heels to the toes. The muscles in the back and front of the leg allow the foot to move up and down and there are specific muscles that enable the foot to point and flex. If you would like to learn additional information about what proper foot structure is responsible for, please consult with a podiatrist. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Jonathan Kletz from Texas Foot Works. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our our offices located in Dallas, Athens, and Gun Barrel City, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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